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Unit 3: An Everlasting Covenant

 Lesson Title: Promise of a New Covenant – Commentary Title;
 Written on the Heart – Quarterly Title
Devotional Reading: Psalm 87
Printed Text: Jerimiah 31:27-34
Key Verse – “I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.” – Jeremiah 31:33
  1. An Example: Imagine, if when you were a teenager living with your parents, and someone told you that you were going to grow up healthy, go to college, graduate, start a great career, become financially independent, get fired, lose all of your possessions, become homeless, and get very sick, you will then get well, get a new job, another home, meet the love of your life, and start a family………….The prophecy of Jeremiah is of a similar type.
  2. Experience can be an expensive teacher. Bringing people news (from God) that they need to hear but refuse to hear and believe is not easy.
  3. Jeremiah was called by GOD to give prophecy of Jerusalem's destruction. This was because Israel had been unfaithful to the laws of the covenant and had forsaken God.
  4. The nation had deviated so far from God that they had broken the covenant, causing God to withdraw his blessings. Jeremiah was guided by God to proclaim that the nation of Judah would be faced with famine, plundered and taken captive by foreigners who would exile them to a foreign land.
  5. After Jeremiah prophesied that Jerusalem would be handed over to the Babylonian army, the king's officials, including Pashur the priest, tried to convince King Zedekiah that Jeremiah should be put to death because he was discouraging the soldiers as well as the people.
  6. Zedekiah answered that he would not oppose them. Consequently, the king's officials took Jeremiah and put him down into a cistern, where he sank down into the mud. The intent seemed to be to kill Jeremiah by allowing him to starve to death in a manner designed to allow the officials to claim to be innocent of his death should he die.
  7. A Cushite rescued Jeremiah by pulling him out of the cistern, but Jeremiah remained imprisoned until Jerusalem fell to the Babylonian army.
  8. While Jeremiah was prophesying of the coming destruction, a number of other prophets were prophesying peace. Jeremiah speaks against these other prophets.
  9. The challenge of this passage: Jeremiah is a prophet with an “interesting” message, in that His message from God covers: A. The continued disobedience of the people; B. the punishment to be experienced; God’s Love and restoration. BEFORE ANY OF IT WOULD EVER HAPPEN!
  1. Reversal of Judgment – Jeremiah 31:27-30
    1. Sowing Seed – v. 27
      1. God will restore the disobedient, when they repent (admit that they have sinned) and seek forgiveness from God.
    2. Rebuilding – v. 28
      1. The same God who will punish is the same who will restore. It is important to know that God has the power and the will to do both!
    3. An Old Proverb….a New Proverb – vv. 29, 30
      1. When the Sin is against God, everyone is responsible! It is not our responsibility to blame others for our own misfortunes. We must realize that God with His sovereignty determines personal responsibility for sin against Him. We must be careful not to blame others for the punishment, from God, that comes upon us. Even as God had said Exodus 34:7b – “…Yet He does not leave the guilty unpunished; He punishes the children and their children for the sin of the parents to the fourth generation.” That reality cannot be used as an excuse to sin, or even worse, an excuse to stop serving and worshipping God!
  2. Restoration of Relationship – Jeremiah 31:31-34
    1. A New Covenant – v. 31 – A Very Prophetic (Futuristic) Word
      1. God will restore His relationship with ALL of His people; the Northern Kingdom of Israel and the Southern Kingdom of Judah. Thank goodness, God never gives up on hu, even when we give up on Him!
    2. The Old Covenant – v. 31
      1. The new Covenant will not be like the one that they did not keep with God before! #10commandments #mt.sinai
      2. The relationship that God is referring to and despises is the one of a faithful husband (God) and the unfaithful wife (the Jews).
    3. Written on the Heart – v. 33
      1. This covenant will be in the minds and hearts instead of stone.
    4. No More Sin – v. 34
      1. A future to look toward……..
      2. This is prophetic in that it is a time that will come, but is not yet…..